How to Install Laravel on Ubuntu 20.04 with PHP, MySQL

how to install laravel on ubuntu

Here is the detailed tutorial on How to Install Laravel on your Ubuntu Machine running the version 20.04 of Ubuntu.

Although there are different ways to get started with the Laravel that includes using XAMPP, using Homestead etc. In this tutorial we will work with the simplest approach of first installing all the required dependencies and then we’ll work our way through to install and use Laravel.

Here are the Steps.

The latest version of Laravel at the time of writing this tutorial is 7.24 and according to the documentation here are the requirements to get started with Laravel

laravel php module requirements

# 1. Install PHP

Let’s get going with the first step, open your terminal and check if you have PHP already installed by running the following command

php -v

If this command returns a php version number >7.2.5 you are good to go to the next step, If not then you need to install / update the php on your machine.

Here are the quick commands to achieve that.


sudo apt-get-repository ppa:ondrej/php
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y php7.3

If you are looking for a detailed tutorial you can read up more here How to Install PHP on Ubuntu 20.04

# 2. Install additional PHP Modules

Once you have the PHP installed in your system, Its time to install the additional PHP Modules into the system.

To check if already have the modules installed in your system, You can run the following command to see the installed modules list

php -m

Run the following command to install the additional required modules into Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install php7.3-bcmath php7.3-mbstring php7.3-zip php7.3-xml

additional php modules for Laravel

# 3. Setup Composer

Time to setup Composer. Composer is a dependency manager tool, we will use it to download the laravel installer and also Laravel uses this to manage it’s dependencies.

Check if you already have Composer installed in your system by running the following command

composer -v

Execute the following commands if you don’t already have the Composer installed.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"
php -r "if (hash_file('sha384', 'composer-setup.php') === 'e5325b19b381bfd88ce90a5ddb7823406b2a38cff6bb704b0acc289a09c8128d4a8ce2bbafcd1fcbdc38666422fe2806') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"
php composer-setup.php
php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"
mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

If you are looking to read the detailed instructions, Here is an in-depth article on Installing Composer Globally on Ubuntu 20.04

# 4. Download Laravel Installer

Once the composer is installed, we can use it to download the laravel/installer. Here is how you can download it

composer global require laravel/installer

composer global laravel installer

We now have the laravel installer installed as global dependency.

But in order to be able to run laravel command to generate the new project, we need to place Composer’s system-wide vendor bin directory in your $PATH so the laravel executable can be located by your system.

Execute the following commands

export PATH="$PATH:$HOME/.config/composer/vendor/bin" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

Let’s move on to the next step.

# 5. Install MySQL

Although MySQL is not a requirement for Laravel. Its most likely you would want your new laravel project to connect to a mysql database and for that we’ll neeed a mysql server running on the local ubuntu machine

Follow along the steps to Install MySQL on your machine

Run the following command to install mysql server and php mysql connector

sudo apt-get install mysql-server php7.3-mysql

Once you have mysql installed, Its time to configure the security options for mysql. Run the following command

sudo mysql_secure_installation

This will take you through a series of prompts where you can make some changes to your MySQL installation’s security options.

To be able to connect to MySQL to a client (like PhpMyAdmin), we need to be able to connect to mysql without sudo privileges. Execute following commands

sudo mysql -u root -p 

Enter your password once prompted, It will login you into mysql console

Execute the following queries

mysql>  ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'password';

Be sure to change the password to your mysql password

mysql>  FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

exit; out of mysql prompt and try logging in again without sudo privilage.

 

# 6. Laravel New Project

Since we have installed all the required dependencies we can now go ahead and create a new Laravel project.

Run the following command in the directory where you are looking to create new project

laravel new blog

laravel new project

This command will download all the required dependencies and will create a fresh Laravel project for you.

To run the project in your browser all you have to do is run the serve command in the project root directory

php artisan serve

serve command will run the project on localhost , open the web browser and navigate to localhost:8000, you should see the following page.

Laravel new installation home page

# 7. Connecting Project to Database

To connect the new project to database, create a new blank mysql database. Open up the .env file and change the following properties as per the database name and credentilas

DB_DATABASE=blog
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD=password

Run the following command to check the connection and migrate the default tables.

php artisan migrate

You can read the detailed tutorial on How to connect to laravel project to mysql database

That’s all about Installing Laravel on Ubuntu along with the required dependencies like PHP, Composer and MySQL.

Have fun with Laravel.

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